Africa Great Lakes Democracy Watch



Welcome to
Africa Great Lakes Democracy Watch Blog. Our objective is to promote the institutions of democracy,social justice,Human Rights,Peace, Freedom of Expression, and Respect to humanity in Rwanda,Uganda,DR Congo, Burundi,Sudan, Tanzania, Kenya,Ethiopia, and Somalia. We strongly believe that Africa will develop if only our presidents stop being rulers of men and become leaders of citizens. We support Breaking the Silence Campaign for DR Congo since we believe the democracy in Rwanda means peace in DRC. Follow this link to learn more about the origin of the war in both Rwanda and DR Congo:http://www.rwandadocumentsproject.net/gsdl/cgi-bin/library


Thursday, April 14, 2011

Biography of Alexis KAGAME a Rwandan Historian and a Writer

Rwanda > Literature : Alexis KAGAME

Abbé Alexis Kagame ,(b.May 15, 1912- died December 2, 1981) Alexis also spelled Alegisi . He was a Rwandan poet, historian, and Roman Catholic priest, who introduced the written art, both in his own language, Kinyarwanda, and in French, to his country.He was the intellectual leader of the Rwandan Tutsis, defending their traditions and positions against colonial control.


 Kagame, the son of a deputy chief of the Tutsi people, was baptized in 1928 and ordained a priest in 1941. He was born into a family of court historians and soon became intimately familiar with the oral traditions of the Tutsi. His considerable activity before and after taking his doctorate at the Pontifical Gregorian University… Rwandan clergyman and philosopher. .

Kagame was born on 15 May 1912 at Kiyanza, into a family of Abirus, traditional historians of the court of the Mwami (king) of Rwanda. His family, like that of the Mwami, were not only of the Tutsi people, the minority people who ruled in the Kingdom of Rwanda and Burundi with the Hutu majority kept in subjection, but also of the highest aristocracy of the kingdom. The Mwami and his aristocracy in Rwanda, as in Burundi, were kept in power by the German colonial rulers who were in control when Kagame was born. When German rule gave way to the Belgians, under a mandate and later a trusteeship in the First World War, the Catholic missionary effort which had begun under the Germans continued with great success. Thousands of people became Catholics and the White Fathers mission became powerful in the land. The young Alexis Kagame, after attending the Nganza Nygrutoru Catholic Primary School in Ruhengeri district and then, from 1923 to 1928, the government school established for chiefs' sons (also in Ruhengeri), decided to study for the Catholic priesthood.

In 1929 he went to the Junior Seminary at Kabgayi and on to major seminary in 1933. His studies at Kabgayi and later at Nyakibanda, where the seminary was moved in 1936, lasted for many years, before he was ordained in 1941 as a priest, one of the first in Rwanda. In 1938 he became editor of Kinyamateka, a Catholic newspaper started in 1933. Also, in 1938-39, he taught French at the Novitiate of the St. Joseph's Brothers, a religious order which many Africans joined after the mass conversion to Catholism. He taught for five years at the same novitiate after being ordained in July 1941. At that time he became one of the most prominent Catholic Rwandans, partly because of his friendship with Mwami Mutara III. With the conversion of the Tutsis as well as the Hutus, leading to the baptism of Mutara in 1943, the Catholic Church was predominant in Rwandan society by the 1940s. In 1948 there were 81 Rwandan diocesan clergy, 58 Rwandan religious brothers (of St. Joseph) and 155 Rwandan nuns.
Kagame became prominent among the African churchmen through his writings, in which he recorded, interpreted and, to some extent, defended the Tutsi traditions. One of his books, Le Code des Institutions Politiques au Rwanda, was a defense of the old social order as reformed along Christian lines.

 In 1950-52 he was director of the Kinyamateka newspaper and for a time personal secretary to the Vicar Apostolic, Mgr. Deprimoc. Then he began to acquire widespread fame for his writings. In 1951 his book La Poésie Dynastique au Rwanda was published in Brussels by the Académie Royale des Sciences d'Outre-Mer (ARSOM) of which he became a member. In succeeding years, while doing higher studies in Rome at the Pontifical Gregorian University (1952-55), he began publication of a massive multi-volume work, La Divine Pastorale. This was a long epic on the creation and history of the world from Rwandan tradition. In writing this, Kagame revealed how much traditional thought has in common with Christian teaching. He became noted for his recording of traditional African beliefs and for highlighting their common ground with Christianity, following years in which missionaries had rather tended to stress the differences. In Rome he wrote his doctoral thesis on the "Rwandan Bantu Philosophy of Being." Back in Rwanda, he lectured in Rwandan Literature at the Junior Seminary (1955-57) and became a lecturer in philosophy and general history at the Astrida Groupe Scolaire. He went on writing and, besides publishing History of Rwanda in 1958, became a noted expert in his Kinyarwanda language.

In 1960 his book La Langue du Rwanda et du Burundi Expliquée aux Authochotones appeared. By then Rwanda was going through serious internal turmoil. The Hutu majority, encouraged by the spread of Christianity and education, began to resent their subordinate status and followed the Parmehutu party dedicated to their advancement. Gregoire Kayibanda, who had succeeded Kagame a few years before as editor of a Catholic newspaper called L'Ami led it. A few months after the death of Mwami Mutara III in July 1959, a great uprising of Hutus occurred in November 1959; many Tutsis were killed. Parmehutu won the 1960 election. The Hutus' overthrow of the feudal order was completed in 1961, when a republic was proclaimed on 28 January and, on 25 September, a referendum under the auspices of the U.N. led to a massive vote to end the Tutsi monarchy. On 1 July 1962 the U.N. Trust Territories of Rwanda and Burundi became independent, with Kayibanda as president of Rwanda. Although Alexis Kagame was not only a Tutsi but a champion to the old Tutsi ruling class closely linked with the fallen monarchy, and although many more Tutsi were murdered in 1961, he not only survived but retained his eminent role in independent Rwanda.

When the National University of Rwanda was founded at Butare (formerly Astrida) in 1963, he became the professor of Rwandan Literature and History and Professor of Rwandan Language at the associated teachers training college (National Institute of Pedagogy). The murder or flight of many more Tutsi in 1963-64 did not affect his position. This was presumably because of his intellectually eminence. He was in fact well known in many countries by then. In 1964 he published Le Colonialisme Face à la Doctrine Missionaire à l'Heure de Vatican II at Butare. In Butare he published Introduction aux Grands Genres Lyriques de l'Ancien Rwanda in 1969 and Un Abrégé de l'Ethno-Histoire du Rwanda (Vol. 1) in 1972. Besides retaining his University of Rwanda chair, he also became Professor of African Cultures at the Inter-diocesan Major Seminary at Nyakibanda in 1971, and he was visiting professor of the History of East Africa at the University of Zaïre (Lubumbashi Campus) in December 1972. He was a member of the Académie des Sciences d'Outre-Mer in Brussels and in Paris, and a member of the International Institute in London, and other learned bodies. At Butare he was an Associate Researcher at the Institute for Scientific Research and a member of UNESCO's International Committee for the writing of a General History of Africa. He had his writings published under UNESCO auspices; a contribution to Les Cultures et Tepts [sic] (1975), and his own La Philosophie Bantu Comparée (1976) which was his crowning contribution to scholarship in a field in which he had become an expert. He also produced Catholic Church missals in Kinyarwanda in 1975 and 1976. Reverend Alex Kagame died on December 1981.
Enhanced by Zemanta

15 comments:

Anonymous said...

Hеllo! I've been following your website for some time now and finally got the bravery to go ahead and give you a shout out from New Caney Tx! Just wanted to say keep up the great job!

Here is my page; how to get rid of herpes on lips fast
My web site: herpes vaccine cure

Anonymous said...

We stumbled over here coming from a different page
and thought I might as well check things out.
I like what I see so now i'm following you. Look forward to finding out about your web page for a second time.

My page ... fruities
my web site - fruit machines

Anonymous said...

When I initially сοmmented Ι clicked the "Notify me when new comments are added" сheсkbοx and nοw each timе a comment iѕ аddeԁ I get ѕeveгal e-mаilѕ with the same
comment. ӏs there any way you сan remove me from that serѵice?
Βless уou!

Also visit my ωebpage :: save money at disneyland
My webpage :: disney special offers

Anonymous said...

you are actually а good ωebmaѕter.
Тhe website lοaԁing velοcity іs amаzing.
It sοгt of feels that уou're doing any unique trick. Furthermore, The contents are masterwork. you've ρeгfоrmеd a eхcеllent
ϳob in this subjеct!

Ηere іs my blog locksmith solihull

oakleyses said...

chanel handbags, true religion, michael kors outlet online, gucci handbags, louis vuitton outlet online, polo ralph lauren, louboutin shoes, louis vuitton handbags, louis vuitton, michael kors outlet online, nike air max, air max pas cher, true religion outlet, coach outlet store online, kate spade outlet online, louis vuitton outlet, michael kors outlet, polo ralph lauren outlet, longchamp outlet online, tiffany and co jewelry, longchamp handbags, kate spade handbags, nike shoes, michael kors outlet store, true religion outlet, christian louboutin shoes, longchamp outlet, nike air max, tory burch outlet, red bottom shoes, christian louboutin outlet, prada outlet, coach outlet, louis vuitton outlet, tiffany jewelry, nike free, coach purses, ray ban outlet, michael kors outlet online, burberry outlet online, prada handbags, jordan shoes, burberry outlet online, michael kors outlet online, nike air max, coach outlet

oakleyses said...

scarpe hogan, nike air force, sac vanessa bruno, vans outlet, hollister, timberland, michael kors uk, vans pas cher, michael kors canada, nike huarache, louis vuitton pas cher, hermes pas cher, nike free, louis vuitton, north face, oakley pas cher, sac michael kors, new balance pas cher, hollister, nike blazer pas cher, sac louis vuitton, roshe run, ralph lauren pas cher, longchamp, converse pas cher, air jordan, nike roshe, nike roshe run, mulberry, lululemon, ralph lauren, longchamp, louis vuitton uk, mac cosmetics, guess pas cher, ray ban pas cher, hollister, burberry pas cher, nike air max, barbour, air max, lacoste pas cher, north face pas cher, ray ban uk, tn pas cher, nike free pas cher, chaussure louboutin, nike trainers, longchamp pas cher, abercrombie and fitch

oakleyses said...

herve leger, moncler, uggs outlet, hollister clothing, birkin bag, instyler ionic styler, babyliss pro, canada goose pas cher, soccer shoes, canada goose, baseball bats, moncler, new balance outlet, beats headphones, marc jacobs outlet, mcm handbags, soccer jerseys, canada goose outlet, nike air max, rolex watches, valentino shoes, ugg soldes, canada goose uk, chi flat iron, abercrombie and fitch, mont blanc pens, canada goose outlet, lululemon outlet, moncler, celine handbags, bottega veneta, ugg boots, jimmy choo shoes, ugg, iphone 6 case, reebok shoes, wedding dresses, canada goose outlet, asics shoes, uggs on sale, moncler outlet, ferragamo shoes, ugg outlet, insanity workout, north face outlet, giuseppe zanotti, ghd, nfl jerseys, p90x workout, north face jackets

Marc Lluch said...

Leisure for holiday. And this is for leisure time in baqueira.

A.K.M. Musa AUNTOR said...

Bnewsbd | Letest and Largest bangla online newspaper in Bangladesh.

Education Board Result said...

Thanks for your good post. The Bangladesh has eleven education boards. The Bangladesh all education boards SSC Exam Result 2016 publish as soon. A student can get this exam is very well so he must change higher college. SSC Result 2016 release by all education boards. It is the first step for Bangladesh all students. It is very important for higher education.

SSC Exam Result 2016 said...

This is a Good Content I have Read your Post and Known as Well. Thanks for sharing with us.
SSC Result 2016
SSC Result 2016

jscresult 2015 said...

SSC Result 2016
SSC Exam Result 2016
Alim Result 2016

JSC Result 2016 BD Education Board

HSC Result 2016

JDC Result 2016

JSC Exam Result 2016

Ebtadyee Result 2016

SSC Exam Result 2016

SSC Exam Result 2016 BD

SSC Exam Result 2016 BD

SSC/Dhakil/Equivalent Result 2016

SECONDARY SCHOOL CERTIFICATE RESULT 2016

SSC Result 2016 Exam Result BD

SSC Exam Result 2016 in Secondary School Certificate

SSC Exam Result BD Education board 2016

SSC Result 2016 BD - SSC Result 2016

SSC Result 2016

jscresult 2015 said...


SSC Result 2016 Bangladesh

Education Board SSC Result 2016

BD SSC Result 2016

SSC Exam Result 2016

BTEB Exam Routine 2016

SSC Exam Result 2016 BD

SSC Exam Result 2016

SSC Result 2016

SSC VOCATIONAL RESULT 2016

SSC Result 2016 Online

SSC Result 2016 Education Board

SSC Result 2016 Bangladesh

SSC Result 2016 Education Board Bangladesh

SSC Result 2016 BD

SSC Exam Result 2016

SSC Exam Result 2016 BD

jscresult 2015 said...

SSC Result 2016 Bangladesh

SSC Result 2016

SSC 2016

SSC 2016 Result

SSC Exam Result

SSC Exam Result 2016

SSC RESULT

SSC Exam Result 2016

SSC Result 2016

SSC Result 2016 online

SSC Result 2016 BD

SSC Result 2016

SSC 2016 Result

SSC 2016 Online

SSC Result 2016 Bangladesh

BD SSC Result Online

BD SSC Result

BD SSC Result 2016

SSC Exam Result 2016

SSC Exam Result

SSC Result 2016 Educaiton Board Bangladesh

SSC Result 2016

SSC Result 2016

SSC Result

Fangyaya said...

louis vuitton bags
ray bans
michael kors handbags
jordan retro 3
replica watches
true religion jeans
adidas originals
coach outlet
coach factory outlet
christian louboutin shoes
gucci outlet
coach factory outlet
kate spade handbags
coach outlet store online clearances
nike roshe run
adidas yeezy
oakley sunglasses
gucci handbags
louis vuitton handbags
coach outlet
polo ralph lauren
coach outlet
kobe 9
christian louboutin outlet
louis vuitton handbags
jordan retro
pandora jewelry
louis vuitton handbags
michael kors canada outlet
toms outlet
ralph lauren outlet
coach outlet
louis vuitton bags
michael kors outlet
burberry outlet
louis vuitton outlet
michael kors
coach outlet
lebron james shoes
oakley sunglasses
20167.27chenjinyan